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TERMINOLOGY

 

 

 

 

TERMINOLOGY

The chart below is to introduce you to the terminology used to describe Aikido techniques. The name of an Aikido technique describes the relationship between the UKE (attacker, person who takes the fall) and the NAGE (thrower, person who is attacked). The name may include the relative positions of UKE and NAGE before the attack, the attack (target and method of delivery, and the response (Aikido art and how the art was set up or finished. 

Position Attack Response
Before Attack Target Delivery Aikido Art Set-up, Finish
USHIRO - Uke is behind Nage MEN - head TORI - grab Wrist Techniques KIRI - cut
ZAGI - Uke and Nage are both kneeling. KUBI - neck KOSA - TORI - cross handed grab IKKYO - (1st) - pin arm. JUJI - cross
ZAGI - HANDACHI - Uke is standing and Nage is kneeling. KATA - shoulder RYOTE - TORI - grab with both hands NIKYO - (2nd) - bend wrist. GAESHI - reverse
  HIJI - elbow RYOKATA-TORI - grab both shoulders SANKYO - (3rd) - twist wrist. OROSHI - lead down
If not specified, the UKE and NAGE are both standing and facing each other KATATE - wrist RYOTE - MOCHI - two hands on one YONKYO - (4th) - pin forearm IRIMI - enter
  TE - hand SHIME - choke GOKYO - (5th) - open hand TENKAN - turn
  MUNE - body UCHI - strike KOTEOROSHI - turn wrist out, lead Ki down. EN-UNDO - move in a circle
  ASHI - leg SHOMEN - strike forehead SHIHO-NAGE - hold wrist and turn in four directions. HANTEI-TENKAN - step back, then enter and turn.
    TSUKI - straight in Timing Throws ZENSHIN - move forward
    YOKOMEN - side of head KOKYU-NAGE - many variations. KOSHIN - move backward
    KERI - kick KAITEN-NAGE - uke head down, forward roll. TOBIKOMI - step forward and turn.
    MAE - KERI - front TENCHI-NAGE - hands to heaven and earth. SUDORI - disappear
    MAWASHI - KERI - circular kick   ZEMPO - forward roll